The development of the speech of a young child (1-3 years) is a very important stage in mastering the native language. Speech crumbs not just booming, it is formed. Therefore, assistance to the child in the development of talking in this period is particularly relevant. Properly organized communication and classes not only spur the development of the child's language, but also help to compensate for possible irregularities, for example, a lag in speech development.
How to determine the level of speech development of the baby?
Most modern parents are aware of the importance of developing a child’s speech. This is manifested primarily in comparing the level of a child's language with how his peers say. Well, if the kid speaks willingly and rather legibly. But if a child speaks very little, so indistinctly that it is impossible to understand him, or is completely silent, it worries his loved ones.
However, to determine the level of development of the child’s speech, comparing is not enough. To determine the compliance of the baby’s abilities with age norms, tables of speech dynamics are used. This kind of information is in the public domain and gives a general idea of the stages in which a child’s language is formed — at what periods there is a rattling, babbling, first words and phrases, how his passive one gradually develops (what the child understands, but does not yet speak himself) and active vocabulary (that the child both understands and uses in his own speech). By carefully testing the child’s speech, you can identify gaps in its development.
Creating a developing environment
In order to develop kid's communicative abilities, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for this. The most important thing is to talk as much as possible with the child because imitation is at the core of speech — repetition of words and phrases after adults. The speech must constantly surround the baby. To do this, adult comments on all domestic situations, regime moments and other events in the life of a baby.
Perhaps such a constant conversation with the baby will initially cause some difficulties for adults and will require a change in communication style and behavior. But as experience shows, this is a workout matter: if there are a desire and enough perseverance, then an adult can eventually learn to communicate with the baby more constructively from the point of view of the child’s speech development. At the same time, a "sense of balance" comes with experience: you need to talk constantly, but not overdo it and not be overly verbose, speak at a normal volume, simple phrases and only on the merits.
Speech development classes
Taking an active position in relation to the development of the speech of their baby, parents, in addition to rich speech communication, should organize regular classes. Of course, this will require special training and new knowledge.
Please note that speech development classes are not only useful but are necessary for all children, as they are normally developing (in this case, such classes will spur all aspects of the child’s development), and for children who have a delay in language development (in this case there is a possibility to successfully compensate for the delay already before the child reaches four years of age), as well as to children with speech therapy problems of a systemic nature (in this case, at an early age, you can do it as described here Istemi, and further organize special sessions with a speech therapist).
At the same time, work on a dictionary implies both the clarification of the meanings of words already familiar to the child, and acquaintance with new words. There is a work on the dictionary both in everyday communication and in specially organized games, for example, “Show the picture you want!”, “Listen to the riddle, show the answer!”, “Find the object by color”, etc.
While working on a dictionary, it is necessary to stimulate the development of phrasal speech. To do this, it is better to use examples of simple phrases consisting of words (including lightweight words) that are already well known to the child. These first phrases carry different functions - suggestion, motivation, question, statement of fact, for example: "To the carrot", "Give me drink", "Masha bye-bye", "Danya kup-kup", "Bear top-top" , "Where is mom?", "Who is there?", "Here is a big house", "What is this?", "This is a red machine", "This is a big cube", etc. Remember that the development of phrasal speech is the most important direction in the development of a child’s speech: phrasal speech not only helps in communication, but also moves the entire development of a child forward.
How to determine the dynamics of speech development of the baby?
It is necessary to warn that not always the results of speech work with the baby appear quickly. Do not worry and have patience - often your child needs a period of accumulation of new knowledge and skills before he begins to actively use them. And in order to still see the dynamics of the child’s speech development, you can start a “language development diary” in which not only to enter new words and phrases that appear in the baby’s talking, but also the dates of their appearance. After scrolling through the records for several months, you will be able to visually see the results of your overall work with the baby.
Good luck to you in the development of your baby's speech!