Recently published paper suggests benefit (equal to prednisone). While the abstract sounds wonderful, the article is much less convincing. I suspect this will run through the community, so thought it might be useful to give you a head's up.
Efforts to standardize measurements are underway at major institutions. Studies like this, making major claims, must be repeated and data confirmed (or not), It is essential to repeat this study as it would provide critical information for us as we make informed decisions about what to do or not to do for our boys.
Flavocoxid counteracts muscle necrosis and improves functional properties in mdx mice: a comparison study with methylprednisolone.
Exp Neurol. 2009 Sep 25.
Messina S, Bitto A, Aguennouz M, Mazzeo A, Migliorato A, Polito F, Irrera N, Altavilla D, Vita GL, Russo M, Naro A, De Pasquale MG, Rizzuto E, Musarò A, Squadrito F, Vita G.
Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry and Anaesthesiology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.
Muscle degeneration in dystrophic muscle is exacerbated by the endogenous inflammatory response and increased oxidative stress. A key role in is played by nuclear factor(NF)- kappaB. We showed that NF-kappaB inhibition through compounds with also antioxidant properties has beneficial effects in mdx mice, the murine model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), but these drugs are not available for clinical studies. We evaluated whether flavocoxid, a mixed flavonoid extract with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and NF-kappaB inhibiting properties, has beneficial effects in mdx mice in comparison with methylprednisolone, the gold standard treatment for DMD patients. Five-week old mdx were treated for 5 weeks with flavocoxid, methylprednisolone or vehicle. The evaluation of in vivo and ex vivo functional properties and morphological parameters was performed. Serum samples were assayed for oxidative stress markers, creatine-kinase (CK) and leukotriene B-4 determination. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX), tumor necrosis factor-alpha, p-38, JNK1 expression was evaluated in muscle by western blot analysis. NF-kappaB binding activity was investigated by electrophoresis mobility shift assay. The administration of flavocoxid: 1) ameliorated functional properties in vivo and ex vivo; 2) reduced CK; 3) reduced the expression of oxidative stress markers and of inflammatory mediators; 4) inhibited NF-small ka, CyrillicB and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) signal pathways; 5) reduced muscle necrosis and enhanced regeneration. Our results highlight the detrimental effects of oxidative stress and NF-kappaB, MAPKs and COX/5-LOX pathways in the dystrophic process and show that flavocoxid is more effective in mdx mice than methylprednisolone.